Cymraeg

The Experiences of Women in World War One

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

A collection of information, experiences and photographs recorded by Women's Archive of Wales in 2014-18

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Sorted by date of death

Annie Mary Slade (Hall)

Place of birth: Pentre, Rhondda

Service: Munitioms worker, 1916 - 1919

Death: After 2003, Cause not known

Notes: Annie Slade was born in 1903. Her mother was originally from Aberystwyth and her father ‘a bit of a boss’ in the pit. (He died as a result of an injury when Annie was a young teenager). She and her family were lucky to survive a tip slide in 1909. Aged 15 and a half she joined the WAAC in Newport, but her age was discovered (she was on a list to be sent to France) and she and her friend were discharged. At 16 she began working for the National Shell Filling Factory at Rotherwas, Hereford. A long account of her experiences was published in In the Munitions: Women at War in Herefordshire, when she was 100 years old.

Sources: In the Munitions: Women at War in Herefordshire, edited Bill Laws 2003.

Reference: WaW0285

Annie Hall née Slade in old age.

Annie Hall née Slade.

Annie Hall née Slade in old age.

Report of the Pentre landslide in which Annie’s family’s house was destroyed. Evening Express 8th February 1909

Newspaper report

Report of the Pentre landslide in which Annie’s family’s house was destroyed. Evening Express 8th February 1909


Alice Helena Alexandra Williams (Alys Meirion)

Place of birth: Castell Deudraeth, Penrhyndeudraeth, Meirioneth

Service: Poet, dramatist, painter, suffragist, organiser, bard, editor.

Death: August / Awst 1957, London, Cause not known

Notes: Alice Williams, born in 1863, was the youngest of 12 children of David Williams, MP for Merioneth. Having to live at home as her mother’s companion she occupied herself in eisteddfodau, amateur dramatics and women’s suffrage. After her mother’s death, when Alice was forty, she divided much of her time between London and Paris, where she met her lifelong companion Fanny Laming. At the outbreak of the war they both worked for the International Red Cross in Geneva, but in 1915 she set up a bureau in Paris (and later London) to seek and disseminate news of persons missing as a result of the war. Later that year she became organising secretary for Wales of the French Wounded Emergency Fund. She was awarded the Médaille de la Reconnaissance Française in 1920. In 1916 she was founder/President of the fourth branch of the Women’s Institute in Wales (at Deudraeth), providing it with the hall which is still in use. She also was the founder editor of Home and Country, the WI magazine. At the 1917 Eisteddfod she was admitted (as a dramatic writer) to the Gorsedd of Bards, taking the bardic name Alys Meirion. Immediately after the war, in 1919, she and Fanny founded the residential Forum Club in London, a popular social space for women only, including Viscountess Rhondda.

Sources: http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s10-WILL-ALE-1863.html\r\nwww.thewi.org.uk/about-the-wi/history-of-the-wi/the-origins/alice-williams\r\nhttp://femalewarpoets.blogspot.co.uk/2013/09/todays-poet-is-welsh.

Reference: WaW0295

Alice Williams about 1930

Alice Williams

Alice Williams about 1930

Announcement of award of Médaille de la Reconnaissance Française to Alice Williams. Journal Officiel de la Republique Française 22nd October 1920rnrn

Award of Médaille de la Reconnaissance Française

Announcement of award of Médaille de la Reconnaissance Française to Alice Williams. Journal Officiel de la Republique Française 22nd October 1920rnrn


First edition of the WI magazine Home and Country, which was edited by Alice Williams. She is second from the right in the photograph. She also served as the WI Treasurer

Home and Country magazine

First edition of the WI magazine Home and Country, which was edited by Alice Williams. She is second from the right in the photograph. She also served as the WI Treasurer

Bookplate of the Forum Club, London, founded by Alice Williams and Fanny Lanbury.

Bookplate

Bookplate of the Forum Club, London, founded by Alice Williams and Fanny Lanbury.


Annie Roach

Place of birth: Swansea

Service: Nurse, 1914 - December 1915

Death: December / Rhagfyr 1, Great Yarmouth, Enteric fever / Ffliw enterig

Notes: Annie, who was 21 when she died, contracted enteric fever from a sailor patient in the isolation hospital in Great Yarmouth. Her body was brought back to Swansea, and she was buried in Dan y Graig cemetery, Swansea.

Reference: WaW0354

Report of the death of Annie Roach, Herlad of Wales 8th January 1916.

Newspaper article and photograph

Report of the death of Annie Roach, Herlad of Wales 8th January 1916.


Helena Susanna Adam

Place of birth: Belgium

Service: Refugee

Death: December 1916, School House, Pantycaws, Carbon monoxide poisoning / Gwenwyno gan garbon monocsid

Notes: Helena Adam was a 51 year-old Belgian refugee living with her family near Carmarthen. They arrived from Ostend in November 1914. Her death was caused by fumes from a fire warming their bedroom. The fire was made partly of culm, coal dust mixed with clay and other materials, which was much used at this time owing to the high price of coal. Helena’s husband Jacobus was also affected but later recovered.

Reference: WaW0388

Report on the inquest on Helena Susanna Adam. Herald of Wales 11th December 1915

Newspaper report

Report on the inquest on Helena Susanna Adam. Herald of Wales 11th December 1915

Another report on the inquest on Helena Susanna Adam. South Wales Weekly Post 11th December 1915.

Newspaper report

Another report on the inquest on Helena Susanna Adam. South Wales Weekly Post 11th December 1915.


Ezzelina Samuel

Place of birth: Pontardulais

Service: Nurse, 1916 - 1919

Death: February 1919 , Kemptown hospital, Brighton, Bronchitis following influenza / Broncitis yn dilyn ffliw

Notes: Ezzelina was one of eight children of Thomas Samuel, superintendent of the Clayton Tin Plate Works, Pontardulais. She was sitting her final exams after three year’s training as a nurse in Brighton when she fell ill and died, aged 24.

Reference: WaW0278

Short article noting Ezzelina’s death, with a photograph. Herald of Wales 1st March 1919rnrn

Newspaper article and phoograph

Short article noting Ezzelina’s death, with a photograph. Herald of Wales 1st March 1919rnrn

Report of the death of Ezzelina Samuel in Brighton. Carmarthen Journal 7th March 1919rnrn

newspaper report

Report of the death of Ezzelina Samuel in Brighton. Carmarthen Journal 7th March 1919rnrn


C A Howell

Place of birth: Neath ?

Service: Nurse, ‘Red Cross Nurse’ (VAD) ‘Nyrs y Groes Goch

Death: January 1918 / Ionaw, Cause not known

Memorial: Soar Maes-yr-haf Chapel,, Neeath, Glamorgan

Notes: C A Howell’s name appears on the Roll of Honour in Soar Maes-yr-haf Chapel, Neath. She is described as a Red Cross Nurse.

Reference: WaW0138

Name of Miss C A Howell Red Cross Nurse on Roll of Honour, Soar Maes-yr-haf Chapel, Neath

Roll of Honour, Soar Maes-yr-haf Chapel

Name of Miss C A Howell Red Cross Nurse on Roll of Honour, Soar Maes-yr-haf Chapel, Neath


Janet Elizabeth Evans

Place of birth: Newtown

Service: Clerk, QMAAC

Death: May 1919, London, not known / anhysbys

Memorial: War memorial, Newtown, Montgomeryshire

Notes: Janet became a teacher but later left to join the Army Pay Corps in Chester. In the summer of 1918 she joined the clerical staff of the QMAAC and was stationed in London. Following a period of indifferent health she was admitted to a London military hospital in April 1919. She died a month later, aged 21.

Reference: WaW0016

Name of Janet Evans, QMAAC, on Newtown War Memorial

Newtown War Memorial

Name of Janet Evans, QMAAC, on Newtown War Memorial


Violet Pearce

Place of birth: Swansea

Service: Booking clerk, NWR

Death: November 1918, Swansea, Influenza / y ffliw

Notes: Violet Pearce was a booking clerk at Swansea Victoria Station when she died of Spanish Influenza in early November 1918.

Reference: WaW0373

Report of the death of Violet Pearce. Cambrian Daily Leader 5th November 1918.

Newspaper report

Report of the death of Violet Pearce. Cambrian Daily Leader 5th November 1918.


Maggie Williams

Place of birth: Cwmpark ?

Service: Nurse

Death: October / Hydref 191, Chichester, Pneumonia following influenza / Niwmonia yn dilyn y ffliw

Notes: Nothing is known of Maggie Williams at present, apart from the press cutting below.

Reference: WaW0347

Report of the Death of Maggie Williams. Rhondda Leader 19th October 1918.

Newspaper report

Report of the Death of Maggie Williams. Rhondda Leader 19th October 1918.


Una McCarthy

Place of birth: Abertillery ?

Service: Nurse

Death: October / Hydref 191, Cause not known

Notes: Nothing is currently known of Una McCarthy, whose photograph appears with others in a newspaper, possibly the Argus, headlined ‘Died on Service’.

Reference: WaW0390

Photograph of Nurse Una McCarthy 19 Marlborough Road Abertillery.

Newspaper photograph

Photograph of Nurse Una McCarthy 19 Marlborough Road Abertillery.



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